Fridtjoff Nansen -- a hero of the cold North.
A story about a man, a ship and a wild nature.
Read the full story below and send your answer (you will find instructions at the end of the story) then you will take a part in the draw on 1 March 2018 to win a free photography session worth 50 pounds!
Fridtjoff Nansen - a hero of the cold North, story about a man, a ship and a wild nature.
86o 14' North - figure which stands for geographical latitude, has been reached by norwegian adventurer Nansen during his amazing journey through the ice, wind and white endless realm called Arctic. He was very close to reach 90o which would be excatly North Pole. Lesson learned from previous expedtitions failures led Nansen to ideas to appply new standards and safety precautions to his expedition. First of all he designed a new concept of ship which was enough durable and sturdy build to withstand ice forces on the hull.
The ship left Oslo in Summer 1893 heading north. The goals set for this journey were variuos, but the main goal was - to reach the North Pole. As expected Fram (the ship) was trapped in the ice couple months later in September 1893. "The ice is trying its very utmost to grind the Fram into powder" - Nansen wrote in his diary. But the ship did not give up and bravely rose up, unharmed from the depth of the ice.
From now on everybody was aware that Fram would not reach the Pole. To achieve this goal Nansen would have to get out on the ice and make a dash for it. He selected a companion, Hjalmar Johanssen and in March 1895 after two falstarts they left the comfort of the ship and accompanied by 28 dogs headed north.
March 14th Nansen (second from left) and Johansen prepare to leave the Fram with three sleds, 28 dogs and three Norwegian flags. Their goal - the North Pole.
The hardship filled in with dreams and human perseverance begun. Two men soon run into trouble - impossible terrain, equipment failures and fast shifting floes that cancelled out their progress. As their provisions dwindled they start to butcher the weakest dogs to feed the others. By April 1896 they reached impressisve latitude 86o14' N but still about 266 miles (426 km) of the North Pole. Nansen kept in his mind what he promised Eva to make it back alive, and that was far more important to him than risking death. And so, prudently, Nansen turned the expedition around. Now they headed towards Franz Josef Land, the isolated area some 600 miles (960 km) to the south. The desperate journey over the floes continued. Over the weeks and months they killed off their remaining dogs and at one particularly low point they were forced to eat porridge made of canine blood. "If I say that's was good, I lie", Johansen wrote. Through the summer of 1895 both men searched for Franz Josef Land. They literally got stuck as Johansen wrote, "For a quarter of year we have been wandering in this desert of ice and here we are still". With food provisions running critically low and difficulties to pass through the ice in every direction they got closer and closer to the inevitably miserable end they thought. Finally on August 6th 1896 they reached an island - the first land on which they had stood for two years. Instantly luck showed its friendly face, hunting poalr bear and walrus they soon had fresh meat aplenty and regained their strength. However it was not a happy end yet... Threading south through the icy archipelago they realized by August 26 that they would have to spend another dismal Arctic winter far from home. And they really did, uncomfortable and trapped in such harsh circumstances. As the first thaws came they continued they journey through the archipelago by ski and kayak. The only hope was to be rescued by some Norwegian whaling or sealing vessel.
On June 17 Nansen thought he heard a familiar sound coming from somewhere over the frozen wastes. He started to halloe with all the strength of his lungs. There in the distance, sure enough, was another human being. Nansen's rescuer was a british explorer named Frederick George Jackson. While the two men endured through the cold ice of arctic the Fram continued its journey trapped in ice and pulled along with it. Nansen then confirmed the theory there was a polar current which went from East to West and brought the ship eventually on August 13 1896 back to the open water. This is the Happy End and proof of what luck and perseverance can achieve when joined together. During the expedition Nansen took lots of photographs documenting his scientifical and geographical interest. Aside from proving the theory about a polar current, Nansen made an important discovery about the Arctic: It was extremely deep sea capped by an ever shifting ice pack and almost completely lack of landmasses - the Arctic was, in other words, an Ocean.
Reading finished ? - fine. Now please answer the question:
"How the photography contributed to the Nansen's scientifical interest?"
Simply send your answer by clicking below button to enter prize draw on 1st March 2018 and chance to win a free photography session worth 50 pounds.